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Information technology specialization and the best fields for the future


If you're interested in networking and the digital world, then an IT major might be good for you. Information technology majors learn about operating systems maintenance, network design, and software customization for business needs.

Information technology specialization and the best fields for the future

Professionals also guide projects from idea to testing and completion, to make sure they are within budget and running smoothly. business information.


Besides the option to major in General Information Technology, you have the option to specialize in areas such as Network and System Administration, LAN/WAN Administration, Computer Security, Information Systems, Web and Multimedia Management, Web Administrator, and IT Project Management.


If you need to know more about information technology, we have decided to create this content specifically for you, we will be glad to read it and benefit from the information it contains, continue with us.


Information technology majors


Information Technology It is the study, development and implementation of computer-based technical information systems. In practice, IT looks at how technology is applied to solve business and organizational problems in all areas, on a large scale.


IT professionals aim to help others solve and understand technical problems so that they can do their jobs better.


As for the information technology subjects, they are divided into several directions, so that the student obtains all the information available in the field, and qualifies him to find a good opportunity in the labor market.


1. Electronic networking materials


In these subjects, he studies the basics of communication between the sender and receiver, and the establishment of the network through which data is transferred with high accuracy and is sent smoothly from the sender to the receiver. There are several materials that students study related to electronic networks, including


Wireless Sensor Networks – Networks security – Networks Management – ​​Network Computer – Network Protocols – Networks Fundamentals – Operating Systems


2. Communication materials


The Department of Communications is one of the most important departments in all disciplines of engineering, information technology and computer sciences in all universities around the world. It studies network engineering and how to communicate between the sender and the receiver, including


Communication Fundamentals – Data Communications – Digital Communications – Digital Signal Processing – Digital Multimedia Processing – Parallel Processing-Queuing Theory & Systems


3.Software Engineering


In these subjects, he studies how to build and manage different programming projects from scratch, the languages ​​used in creating a programming project, and determine the time needed to build the project.


4. Computer engineering


It is concerned with the study of hardware such as the processor and motherboard and how to improve them and create processors, often in industrial countries graduates of this specialization work in companies such as hp, Dell, Toshiba and other international companies.


5. Computer systems analysis


Besides learning how to create computer systems and computer science, students will learn how to analyze the types of technology that will improve business efficiency and how to configure hardware and software. To learn these skills, students will take classes in areas such as applied mathematics, computer engineering, computer science, systems analysis, and database management.


After completing the course and graduating, students will have the skills to improve computer systems and performance, identify and eliminate security risks, and customize software for any type of organization.


6. Data processing


Processing data is no longer a simple task of entering numbers into a computer. Professionals can create their own software, help companies or governments retrieve and store data, or teach others how to properly integrate new technology into their business.


Students will take classes on everything they need to know about computers, software, and data analysis, some of which include computer science, word processing, information technology, computer systems analysis, and business communications.


These classes will equip you with the skills to collect, analyze and report on the different types of data needed to do business.


The future of information technology


Although information technology is one of the most sought-after fields in all global markets, some majors range from stagnant, saturated, and required, so you should study the market well before choosing a major.

But if you are looking for the best specializations that have a future in the field of information technology, then they are as follows:


1. Network Security Specialization


With the technological revolution that we are witnessing every day, the importance of graduates in the field of network security specialization increases, because of technological progress as well, the risks and cybercrime have increased, which made the network security profession a global requirement to protect against crimes committed every minute around the world.


2. Programming


Programming personnel cannot be dispensed with, after the development of technology and computer science, as it has a significant impact on the completion of programming processes that would not be complete without it, and these processes constitute software development, software engineering, and how to translate, design and implement them smoothly on the ground.


3. Software Engineering


Software engineering or software engineering, is one of the disciplines that has a clear future in the field of information technology, where it is responsible for designing and developing systems and software. This field requires you to be sophisticated and keep pace with fast modern technology, and to have a talent in simplifying and explaining complex matters.


4. 3D printing


One of the disciplines that has become very popular in recent years, as it emerged as a result of technological development and the information revolution. It is considered one of the most promising disciplines for engineers, designers, astronauts and craftspeople.


5. Data Science Specialization


Students and scholars in the field of information technology are rushing to study data science, because it has become a popular field in recent years, as examining the available data for the purpose of drawing results and building marketing campaigns on it is one of the most important jobs currently spread, and it is expected to increase intensively. over the coming years.


6. Artificial intelligence


The future of this specialty is really impressive, and it is difficult for it to witness stagnation or saturation in the markets during the coming period, given that it is still in great demand in the market and little is known about it.


The specialization of artificial intelligence is one of the modern technical sciences required in the labor market, due to its ability to design and build programmed systems that absorb the surrounding environment and take positions that help in the success of missions.


7. Computer Science


Although it is a specialty available in the markets, it always needs to be developed and updated, and whoever neglects to keep pace with the rapid era will step aside, and search for others more advanced, for this reason it is still one of the disciplines that has a future in the field of information technology.


8. Aerospace Engineering


This specialization is required globally, but not in all countries. There are countries that are saturated with it. For example, it is still required in America, Canada and most of the European market such as Germany, Italy, Poland and Switzerland, and the same is true in the Asian market such as India and China.


In the Gulf and Egyptian markets, this specialization is very stagnant, and it still needs to be developed in the Middle East and North Africa.


Best information technology major


Jobs in information technology and systems are in demand and the need for more skilled IT workers continues to grow between 2018 and 2028.


Jobs in IT and computer are available in many industries, including healthcare, government, business, and education, and entry-level IT jobs can be accessed with different levels of education.


1. Computer and information research scientists


Computer and information research scientists use information technology to solve complex problems in fields such as business, science, and medicine. Tasks include devising new tools and methods to improve technology, designing experiments and analyzing results, collaborating with others, and publishing results in academic journals.


These skilled professionals typically require a master's degree in computer science or computer engineering, and job growth (2018-2028) is expected to be 19% worldwide.


2. Computer Network Engineers


Computer network engineers design and build data communication networks such as local area networks, wide area networks, and internal networks. Job duties include creating plans and layouts, discussing designs with management, and upgrading hardware and software to support existing networks.


A bachelor's degree in computer science, information systems, engineering, or a related field adequately prepares graduates for entry-level work, however some employers prefer candidates with an MBA in information systems.


3. Software developers


Software developers create applications and systems that operate devices and control networks and allow users to complete specific tasks. Job responsibilities include identifying the needs of customers and users, defining how new applications work, and working closely with programmers and other professionals.


A bachelor's in computer science typically meets the education requirements for software developer jobs, although some employers prefer candidates with a graduate degree, software developers must be creative, have interpersonal skills and problem-solving skills.


4. Information Security Analysts


Information security involves planning and implementing security measures to protect computer networks and systems from cyber attacks. Tasks include monitoring an organization's networks, investigating security breaches and breaches, performing penetration testing, and recommending improvements.


Most information security analysts hold at least a bachelor's degree in computer science, information assurance, or programming. An MBA in Information Systems may be preferred for some careers.


5. Information systems managers


Computer and information systems managers plan, coordinate, and direct computer-related activities and the organization's goals. Tasks include analyzing technology needs, evaluating costs and benefits of new projects, supervising other IT professionals, and negotiating with vendors.


Professionals working in this core IT field need at least a bachelor's degree and several years of experience in a job in the IT field. Many organizations are looking for information systems managers with a master's degree.


6. Hardware engineers


Computer hardware engineers research, develop, and test computer systems and their individual components. Tasks include creating blueprints for computers, modifying designs according to test results, and upgrading existing equipment to work with new software.


Junior hardware engineers usually hold a bachelor's degree in computer engineering, electrical engineering, or computer science.


7. Database administrators


Database administrators deal with the storage, organization, and security of data, including financial records or customer information. Tasks include performing backups to prevent data loss, identifying user needs, and completing database maintenance and updates tasks as needed.


Most professionals working in this field of information technology hold a bachelor's degree in computer science, employers with large databases can search for candidates with a master's degree.


8. Operations Analysts


Operations analysts use advanced analytical methods to solve problems and improve performance in organizations. Tasks include collecting and organizing information and data, identifying the best ways to analyze problems, and advising managers on possible solutions.


Operations analysts use sophisticated computer software in their daily work, so a bachelor's degree in computer science, engineering or analytics is ideal.


9. Computer Systems Analysts


Computer systems analysts study computer systems and procedures and create solutions to increase organizational efficiency. Tasks include consulting with managers about information technology needs, analyzing costs and benefits, and designing and implementing new computer systems.


Entry-level positions in this field of information technology require a bachelor's degree with courses in both technology and business, some employers prefer candidates with an MBA in information systems.


10.Web developers


Web developers design and create the technical and visual aspects of a website. Tasks include meeting with clients to discuss needs, writing code using programming languages ​​such as HTML, and integrating graphics, video, or audio into the site. Web developers may choose to specialize in front-end or back-end development.


Education requirements for internet developers vary, but an associate's degree is the most common entry qualification in this field of information technology, and developers typically earn a bachelor's degree in computer science or programming.


Information technology majors


The rapidly growing field of information technology encompasses many disciplines, from engineering to technical support, IT professionals can build corporate communication networks, create databases to keep information protected, and help users troubleshoot technical problems, these workers have many essential skills businesses need and institutions to thrive.


Earning a bachelor's degree in IT can help you build the skills needed to play an essential role in the private or public sector, although every school is different, IT programs may feature many similar classes and focus options, including those listed below.


1. Cyber ​​Security


Topics in a cybersecurity major may include security management, wireless networks, encryption, and regulatory policy. Students develop an understanding of the role of computers and networks in a security context.


This specialization focuses on the methods used to protect sensitive information that businesses, organizations, and individuals need to protect. From financial and personally identifiable information to medical history and homeland security data, IT professionals focusing in cybersecurity learn how to protect critical data.


2. Networking


This course introduces students to the main elements that work together to form the Internet, and enables students to be able to perform basic computer networking tasks, such as creating private networks and DSL connection configurations.


Information technology students who focus on computer systems and network management also learn the technical skills needed to manage complex IP networks, and these skills can be applied in many areas, including healthcare and the government sector.


3. Operating systems


The study of operating systems covers basic concepts of operating systems, including synchronization of schedules, file systems, memory management, and more security.


Concentrating your studies in IT management helps you prepare for advanced positions. After graduation, students who focus on management sharpen their leadership skills and their communication styles to better prepare for management positions.


4. Programming languages


A critical category for future IT professionals, this major covers several software languages, including C++, Java, Scheme, ML, Perl, and Python, and typically focuses on the basic concepts and differences between programming languages.


This major provides students with an in-depth knowledge of software development strategies and practices. This concentration may be an attractive option for those with a particular interest in the technical side of IT. Students can expect to focus on a variety of platforms, including mobile applications and the Internet.


5. Data analysis


The study of data analysis provides students with the tools and concepts used to perform daily analysis duties in the field of technology. Participants learn the basics of data analysis, data ecosystems, and data mining. Students should be equipped with a basic understanding of how to work with data in the technology sector.


6. Artificial intelligence


Artificial intelligence makes computing devices able to simulate the mental abilities of humans, which makes them able to infer, learn, think and give quick reactions as well.


Artificial intelligence is defined as designing and building programmed systems, which are able to understand the surrounding environment and its various characteristics, while taking a quick attitude to the success of the tasks assigned to them.


7. Robotics


One of the specializations in the field of information technology and technology, it is related to science and engineering together, as it mixes mathematical sciences and sciences such as mechanical engineering.


In it, he studies the design, construction, preparation and programming of robots, which are an alternative to humans in many dangerous jobs, such as detecting mines or knowing secrets about areas where humans cannot be present, such as outer space or chemical factories and others.


8. Aerospace Engineering


The aerospace engineering major falls under the engineering disciplines when studying the information technology major. The study of space engineering consists of two overlapping basic disciplines, aeronautics engineering and astronautics engineering, and the aim of their studies is to create a generation of engineers capable of creating and developing air and space vehicles.


In conclusion, dear reader, we would like you to know all the information technology and the best future disciplines that you should go to from now, in order to guarantee a promising future in the field of information systems.




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